Reading the Room: The Effects of Status Accuracy for Individuals and Groups 发布时间：2023-06-08
题 目：Reading the Room: The Effects of Status Accuracy for Individuals and Groups
嘉 宾：Siyu Yu, Assistant Professor, Rice University
主 持：陈景秋, 教授, 上海交通大学
Status hierarchies are perhaps the most important form of social structure within groups, being pervasive and influencing group information flow, decision-making, and performance, as well as the behavior and outcomes of individual members. The extent to which individuals are able to accurately perceive and navigate status hierarchies may therefore be a critical determinant of their and their group’s success. However, research has not fully explored the role of individuals' perceptions of status hierarchies. We introduce the concept of status accuracy, or individuals' accurate mental representations of status hierarchies in their own or other groups. In a series of studies, we have uncovered significant implications of status accuracy for individuals and groups. At the individual level, status accuracy shapes the networks that individuals build - that is, the extent to which individuals connect with those who truly have high status. In turn, because these high-status network ties facilitate learning and knowledge transfer, and give the focal individuals indirect influence, individuals with higher status accuracy perform at higher levels. At the group level, groups composed of members with higher average status accuracy perform better on problem-solving tasks and creative idea generation because their members are more responsive to each other's status claims and more likely to recognize each other's valued attributes, thus avoiding status conflict. This research extends existing theories of status, social networks, and group dynamics by identifying status accuracy as an important determinant of individual and group performance in organizations.
Siyu Yu is an Assistant Professor of Management at the Jones Graduate School of Business, Rice University. Siyu received her Ph.D. in Management from NYU Stern, MA in Sociology from UC Berkeley, and BAs in Economics and Sociology from Peking University. Siyu's work examines the performance and unanticipated social consequences of inequality and hierarchy, and the perceptual, psychological, and relational processes that drive these effects. Her research focuses on four more specific streams. First, how individuals' perceptions of where others stand in their groups' status hierarchies—and the accuracy of those perceptions—shape individuals' social networks, performance, and team effectiveness. Second, how advantageous social network ties, such as connections with high-status others, lead to undesirable social outcomes. Third, how various team environments (e.g., diversity, resource scarcity) determines performance-destructive dynamics. Fourth, how the two core bases of inequality—status and power—are perceived and internalized differently, thereby shaping individuals' basic psychological needs and group engagement. Overall, her work bridges the literatures on inequality and hierarchy, social networks, diversity, and teams. Her research has been published in leading journals, including Organization Science, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Psychological Science, among others.