讲座：Lying for Efficiency or Fairness?
题 目：Lying for Efficiency or Fairness?
嘉 宾：Jie Zheng (郑捷), Associate Professor, Tsinghua University
主持人：李淑雯 助理教授 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院
时 间：2020年10月14日（周三）14:30 - 16:00
The lies of individuals holding positions of influence in society can result in significant consequences for the distribution of resources. A relationship between lying behavior and social preferences has often been proposed in explaining patterns of lying aversion (ex. Erat and Gneezy, 2012; Houser, Vetter and Winter, 2012; Maggian and Villeval, 2015). However, thus far, no study has directly examined the relationship between different types of social preferences and the corresponding lying behaviors. We assess individuals’ preferences over social allocations along with their lying tendencies in the analogous scenarios, using a novel multinomial version of a ‘mind cheating game’ (ex. Garbarino, Slonim and Villeval, 2017), which allows different degrees of lying and is independent of social image and reputation concerns. Our study allows us to observe how preferences over fairness and efficiency are associated with the willingness to lie for one’s self and others. Selfish and spiteful lies are prevalent among those with strong spiteful preferences in the allocation task, while those subjects with efficiency-oriented preferences tend to tell efficient lies on behalf of others. However, among those with a strong preference for fairness in allocations with own-payoff consequence, lying on behalf of fairness concerns is less apparent. Altogether, the empirical patterns suggest that individuals with a strong preference for efficiency in such scenarios are more likely to lie for fairness concerns, while those with a strong fairness preference may be more likely to lie out of self-interest.
Prof. Zheng received his Ph.D. in Economics from Washington University in St. Louis. He is currently Associate Professor in the Department of Economics and Executive Associate Director of the Tsinghua Economic Science and Policy Experimental Laboratory, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University. He is an Associate Editor for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. His research areas include Information Economics, Behavioral Economics, and Experimental Economics. His current research covers both classical topics including mechanism design, market design, and information design, and behavioral topics including reference-dependence, self-control, and social preferences. Prof. Zheng has served as Principal Investigator on numerous research grants including National Natural Science Foundation of China (with evaluation of "Distinguished Excellence"), and has given plenary talks at many academic conferences. His research papers have been published in leading journals in Economics, Management, and Science, including American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), Games and Economic Behavior, Management Science, and Nature Communications. His work has also been published in the Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology. Prof. Zheng received "Theoretical Contributions Award on Information Economics in China from 2011 to 2015" and "Young Scholar’s Innovations Award on Information Economics in China for years 2016-2018” from China Information Economics Society.